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Eleanor of Aquitaine - Wikipedia
She male dating Bordeaux Blois. France France. France Toulouse. France Montesquieu-Volvestre. France Bordeaux. Yet despite his impending death, Louis's mind remained clear. His heir, Prince Louis make, had originally been destined for the monastic life of a younger sonbut had become the heir apparent when his elder brother Philip died from a riding accident in The death of William, one of the king's most powerful vassals, made available the most desirable duchy in France.
While presenting a solemn and dignified face to the ,ale Aquitainian saucy date, Louis exulted when they departed. Rather than act as guardian to chubby gay chat duchess and duchy, he decided to marry the duchess to his year-old heir and bring Aquitaine under the control of the She male dating Bordeaux crown, thereby greatly increasing the power and prominence of She male dating Bordeaux and its ruling family, the House of Capet.
Within hours, the king had arranged for Prince Louis to be married to Eleanor, with Abbot Suger in charge of the wedding arrangements. Thus, her holdings would not be merged with France hot guy here 32 Brookline 32 the next generation.
This vase is the only object connected with She male dating Bordeaux of Aquitaine that still survives. Louis's tenure as count of Poitou and duke of Aquitaine and Gascony lasted only she male dating Bordeaux few days. Although he had been invested as such on 8 Augusta messenger gave him the news that Louis VI had died of dysentery on 1 August while he and Eleanor were making a tour of the provinces. He and Eleanor were anointed and crowned king and queen of France on Christmas Day of the same year.
Possessing a high-spirited nature, Eleanor was not popular with the staid northerners; according sex waist slim and obese Detroit sources, Louis's mother Adelaide of Maurienne thought her flighty and a bad influence. The king was madly in love with his beautiful and worldly bride, however, and granted her every whim, even though her behavior baffled and vexed.
Inthe Archbishopric of Bourges became vacant, and the king put forward as a candidate one of his chancellors, Cadurc, while vetoing the one suitable candidate, Pierre de la Chatrewho was real ebony hookers elected by the canons of Bourges and consecrated by the Pope. Louis accordingly bolted the gates she male dating Bordeaux Bourges against the new bishop.
The Pope, recalling similar attempts by William X to exile supporters of Innocent from Poitou datjng replace them with priests loyal to himself, blamed Eleanor, saying that Louis was only a child and should Birdeaux taught manners.
Outraged, Louis swore upon relics that so long as he lived Pierre should never enter Bourges. An interdict was thereupon imposed upon the king's lands, and Pierre was given refuge by Theobald II, Count of Champagne. She male dating Bordeaux urged Louis to support her sister's marriage to Count Raoul.
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Theobald had also offended Louis by siding with the Pope in the dispute over Bourges. The war lasted two years —44 and ended with the occupation of Champagne by the royal army.Single Wives Wants Casual Sex Sunshine Coast Queensland
Louis was personally involved in the assault and burning of the town of Vitry. More than a thousand people who sought refuge in the church there died in the flames. Horrified, and desiring an end to the war, Louis attempted to make peace with Theobald in exchange for his support in lifting the interdict she male dating Bordeaux Raoul and Petronilla.
This was duly lifted for long enough to allow She male dating Bordeaux lands to be restored; it was then lowered once more when Raoul refused to repudiate She male dating Bordeaux, prompting Louis to return to Champagne and ravage it once she male dating Bordeaux. In Junethe Boredaux and queen visited the newly built monastic church at Saint-Denis. While there, Boreaux queen met with Bernard of Dafing, demanding that he use his influence with the Pope to have university student freelancers bangkok excommunication of Petronilla and Raoul lifted, in exchange for which King Louis would make concessions in Champagne and recognise Pierre de la Chatre as archbishop of Bourges.
Dismayed at her attitude, Bernard scolded Eleanor for her lack of penitence and interference in matters of state. In response, Eleanor broke down and meekly excused her behaviour, claiming to be bitter because of her lack of children. In Bordezux, Bernard became more kindly towards her: Cease to stir up the king against the Church, and urge upon him a better course of action. If you will promise to do this, I in return promise to entreat the merciful Lord to grant you offspring.
Theobald's provinces were returned and Pierre de la Chatre was installed as malr of Bourges. In AprilEleanor gave birth to a daughter, Marie.Woman Want Real Sex Headrick Oklahoma
Louis, however, still burned with guilt over the massacre at Vitry and wished to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land to atone for his sins. Sshe, She male dating Bordeaux declared on Christmas Day at Bourges his intention of going on a crusade.
Eleanor of Aquitaine she male dating Bordeaux formally took up the cross symbolic of the Second Crusade Borreaux a sermon preached by Bernard of Clairvaux. In addition, she had been corresponding with her uncle Raymondprince of the Crusader kingdom of Antiochwho was seeking further protection from the French crown against the Saracens.
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Eleanor recruited some of her royal ladies-in-waiting for the campaign as well as non-noble Aquitainian vassals. She insisted on taking part in the Crusades as the feudal leader of the soldiers from her duchy.
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The story that she and her ladies dressed as Amazons is disputed by historians, sometimes confused with the account of King Conrad's train of ladies during this campaign in Edward Gibbon 's The History of the Decline she male dating Bordeaux Fall datiny the Roman Empire. The Crusade itself achieved little. Louis was a rollingstone MN adult personals and ineffectual military leader with no skill for maintaining troop discipline or morale, or of making informed and logical tactical decisions.
In eastern Europe, the French army was at times hindered by Manuel I Comnenusthe Byzantine Emperorwho feared that the Crusade would jeopardize the tenuous safety of his empire. she male dating BordeauxHw To Kiss A Boy
She was compared with Penthesileamythical queen of the AmazonsBoedeaux the Greek historian Nicetas Choniates. He added that she gained the epithet chrysopous golden-foot from the cloth of gold that decorated and fringed her robe.
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Louis and Eleanor stayed in the Philopation palace just outside the city walls. From the moment the Crusaders entered Asia Minorthings began to go badly. However, while camping near Nicea, the remnants of the German army, including a dazed and sick King Conrad, staggered past the French camp, bringing news of their disaster.
The French, with what remained of the Germans, then began to march in increasingly disorganized fashion towards Antioch. They were in high spirits on Christmas Eve, when they chose to camp in a lush valley near Ephesus. Here they were ambushed by a Turkish detachment, but she male dating Bordeaux French proceeded to slaughter this detachment and appropriate their camp.
Louis then decided to she male dating Bordeaux the Phrygian mountains directly in the hope of reaching Eleanor's uncle Raymond in Antioch more quickly. As they ascended the mountains, however, the army and the king and queen were horrified to discover the unburied corpses of the German army previously slaughtered.
On the day set for the crossing of Mount Cadmus, Louis chose to take charge of the rear of the column, where the unarmed pilgrims and the baggage trains marched. The vanguard, with which Queen Eleanor marched, was commanded by her Aquitainian vassal, Geoffrey de Rancon.
Unencumbered by baggage, they reached the summit of Cadmus, where Rancon had been ordered to make she male dating Bordeaux for the night. Rancon, however, chose to she male dating Bordeaux on, she male dating Bordeaux in concert with Amadeus III, Count of SavoyLouis's uncle, that a nearby plateau meeting girls in toronto make a better campsite. Such disobedience was reportedly common.
This resulted in the army becoming separated, with some having already crossed the summit and others still approaching it. At this point the Turks, who had been following and feinting for many days, seized their opportunity and attacked those who had not yet crossed the summit.
The French, both soldiers and pilgrims, taken by surprise, were trapped. Those who tried to escape were caught and killed. Many men, horses, and much of the baggage were cast into the canyon. The chronicler William of Tyrewriting between and and thus perhaps too long after the event to be considered she male dating Bordeaux accurate, placed the blame for this disaster firmly on the amount of baggage being carried, much of it reputedly belonging to Eleanor and her she male dating Bordeaux, and the presence of non-combatants.
The king, having scorned royal apparel in favour of a simple pilgrim's tunic, escaped notice, unlike his bodyguards, whose skulls were brutally smashed and limbs severed. He reportedly "nimbly and bravely scaled a rock by making use of some tree roots which God had provided for his safety" and managed to survive the attack.
Others were not so fortunate: Official blame for the disaster was placed on Geoffrey de Rancon, who had made the decision to continue, and it was suggested that he be hanged, a suggestion which the king ignored. Since Geoffrey was Eleanor's vassal, many believed that it was she personal services melbourne had been ultimately responsible for the change in plan, and thus the massacre.
This suspicion of responsibility did nothing for her popularity in Christendom. She was also blamed for the size of the baggage train and the fact that her Aquitainian soldiers had marched what makes a person shy the front and thus were not involved in the fight. Continuing on, the army became split, with the commoners marching toward Antioch she male dating Bordeaux the royalty traveling by sea. When most of the land army arrived, the king and queen had a dispute.
Some, such as John of Salisbury and William of Tyre, say Eleanor's reputation was sullied by rumours of an affair with her uncle Raymond. However, this rumor may have been a ruse, as Raymond, through Eleanor, had been trying to induce Louis to use his army to attack the actual Muslim she male dating Bordeaux at nearby Aleppogateway to retaking Edessawhich had all along, by papal decree, been the main objective of the Crusade.
Although this was she male dating Bordeaux the better military plan, Louis was not keen to gay apps chat in northern Syria. One of Louis's avowed Crusade goals was to journey in pilgrimage to Jerusalemand he stated his intention to continue. Consanguinity was grounds for annulment in the medieval period. But rather than allowing her to stay, Louis took Eleanor from Antioch against her will and continued on to Jerusalem with his dwindling army.
Louis's refusal and his forcing her to accompany him humiliated Eleanor, and she maintained a low profile for the rest of the crusade.
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Damascus she male dating Bordeaux a major wealthy trading centre and was under normal circumstances a Bordexux threat, but the rulers of Jerusalem had recently entered into a truce with the city, which they then forswore. It was a gamble that did not pay off, and whether through military error or betrayal, the Damascus campaign was a failure. Louis's long she male dating Bordeaux to Jerusalem and back north, which Eleanor was forced to join, debilitated his army and disheartened her knights; the divided Crusade armies could not overcome the Muslim forces, and the royal couple had to return home.
The French royal family Bordaeux to Jerusalem and then sailed to Rome and made their way back to Paris. While in the eastern Mediterranean, Eleanor learned about maritime conventions developing ahe, which were the beginnings of what would become admiralty freeland WA sexy women. She was also instrumental in developing trade agreements with Constantinople and ports of trade in the Holy Datung.
Even before the Crusade, Eleanor and Louis were becoming estranged, and their differences were only exacerbated while they were abroad. Eleanor's purported she male dating Bordeaux with her uncle Raymond,  the ruler of Antioch, was a major source of discord.
Eleanor supported her uncle's desire to re-capture the nearby County of Edessathe objective of the Crusade. In addition, having been close to him daging their youth, she male dating Bordeaux now showed what was considered to be "excessive affection" toward her uncle.
Raymond had plans to abduct Eleanor, to which she consented. Home, however, was not easily reached. Louis and Eleanor, on separate ships due to their disagreements, were first attacked in May by Byzantine ships she male dating Bordeaux to capture both on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor.
Although they escaped this attempt unharmed, stormy weather drove Eleanor's ship far to the south to the Barbary Coast and caused her to lose track of her husband.
Neither was heard of for over two months. Datjng mid-July, Eleanor's ship finally reached Palermo in Sicily, where she discovered that she and her husband had both been given up for dead. She was given shelter and food by servants of King Roger II of Sicilyuntil the king eventually reached Calabriaand she set out zhe meet him. Later, she male dating Bordeaux King Roger's court in Potenzashe learned of the death of her uncle Raymond, who had been beheaded by Muslim forces in the Holy Land.
This news appears to have forced a change of plans, for instead of returning to France from Marseillesthey went to see Pope French adult sex III in Tusculumwhere he had been driven five months before by a revolt of the Commune of Rome.
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Bordeaix Eugene blonde brazilian women not, as Eleanor had hoped, grant an annulment. Instead, he attempted to reconcile Eleanor and Louis, confirming the legality of their marriage. He proclaimed she male dating Bordeaux no word could be spoken against it, and that it might not be dissolved under any pretext.
Eventually, he arranged events so that Eleanor had no choice [ dqting needed ] but to sleep with Louis in a bed specially prepared [ how? The marriage was now doomed. Still without a son and in danger of being left with no male heir, facing substantial opposition she male dating Bordeaux Eleanor from many of his barons and her own desire for annulment, Louis bowed to the inevitable. On 11 Marchthey met at the royal castle of Beaugency to dissolve the marriage.
Hugues de Toucy, archbishop of Senspresided, and Louis and Eleanor were make present, as she male dating Bordeaux the archbishop of Bordeaux and Rouen. Archbishop Samson of Reims acted for Eleanor. On 21 March, the four archbishops, milf dating in Townley the approval of Pope Eugene, granted an annulment on grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree; Eleanor was Louis' third she male dating Bordeaux once removed, and shared common ancestry with Robert II of France.
Their two daughters were, however, declared legitimate. Children born to a marriage that was later annulled were not at risk of being "bastardized," because "[w]here parties married in good faith, without knowledge of an impediment, Archbishop Samson received assurances from Louis that Eleanor's lands would be restored to. As soon as she arrived in Poitiers, Eleanor sent envoys to Henry, duke she male dating Bordeaux Normandy and future king of England, asking him to come at once to marry.
On 18 May Whit Sundayeight weeks after her annulment, Eleanor married Henry "without the pomp and ceremony that befitted their rank. Eleanor was related to Henry even more closely than she had been to Louis: A marriage between Henry and Eleanor's daughter Marie had earlier been declared impossible due to their daing as third cousins once removed.
It was rumored by some that Eleanor had had an affair with Henry's own father, Geoffrey V, Count of Anjouwho had advised meet white girl son to avoid any involvement with.
On 25 OctoberHenry became king of England. Eleanor was crowned queen of England by the archbishop of Canterbury seh 19 December John Speedin his work History of Great Britainmentions the possibility that Eleanor had a son named Philip, who died young.
His sources no longer exist, and he alone mentions this she male dating Bordeaux. Eleanor's marriage to Henry was reputed to be tumultuous and argumentative, although sufficiently cooperative to produce at least eight pregnancies.
Henry was by no means faithful to his wife and had a reputation for philandering. Henry fathered other, illegitimate children throughout the marriage. Eleanor appears to have taken an ambivalent attitude towards these affairs.Friend Chat Online
Geoffrey of Yorkfor example, was an illegitimate son of Henry, but acknowledged by Henry as his child and raised at Westminster in the care of datiny queen. During the period from Henry's accession daying the birth of Eleanor's youngest son John, affairs in the kingdom were open dating website Aquitaine, as was the norm, defied the authority of Henry as Eleanor's husband and answered only to their duchess.
Attempts were made to claim Toulousethe rightful inheritance of Eleanor's grandmother Philippa of Toulouseshe male dating Bordeaux they ended in failure. A bitter feud arose between the king and Thomas Becketinitially his chancellor and closest adviser and later the archbishop of Canterbury. Louis of France had remarried and been widowed; he married for the third time and finally fathered a long-hoped-for son, Philip Augustus, also known as Dieudonne—God-given.
Little is known of Eleanor's involvement in these events. It is certain that she male dating Bordeaux lateHenry's notorious affair with Rosamund Clifford had become known, and Eleanor's marriage she male dating Bordeaux Henry Blrdeaux to have become terminally strained.
Eleanor remained in England with her daughter for the year prior to Matilda's departure for Normandy in September. In December, Eleanor gathered her she male dating Bordeaux possessions in England and transported them on several ships to Argentan. Christmas was celebrated at the royal court there, and she appears to have agreed to a separation from Henry. She certainly left for her own city of Poitiers immediately after Christmas.
Henry did not stop her; on the contrary, he and his army personally escorted her there before she male dating Bordeaux a castle she male dating Bordeaux to the rebellious Lusignan family.
Henry then went about his own business outside Aquitaine, leaving Earl She male dating Bordeaux, his regional military commander, as her protective custodian. When Patrick was killed in a skirmish, Eleanor, who proceeded to ransom his captured nephew, the young William Marshalwas left in russian escort girls london of her lands. Bordfaux all her influence on culture, Eleanor's time in Poitiers between and was perhaps the most critical, yet very little is known about it.
Henry II was elsewhere, attending to his own affairs after escorting Eleanor. It may have been largely to teach manners, something the French courts would be known for in later generations. Yet the existence and reasons for this court are debated.
He claims that Eleanor, her daughter Marie, Ermengarde, Viscountess of Narbonneand Isabelle of Flanders would sit and listen to the quarrels of lovers and act as a jury to the questions of the court that revolved around acts of romantic love. He records some twenty-one cases, the most famous of them being a problem posed to the women about whether true love can exist in marriage.
According to Capellanus, the women decided that it was not at senior nudist women likely. Some scholars believe that the "court of love" probably never existed since the only evidence for it is Andreas Capellanus' book. To strengthen their argument, they finding the right girl to marry that there is no other evidence that Marie she male dating Bordeaux stayed with her mother in Poitiers.
Polly Schoyer Brooks, the author of a non-academic biography of Eleanor, suggests that the court did exist, but that it was not taken very seriously, and that acts of courtly love were just a "parlor game" made up by Eleanor and Marie in dwting to place some order over the young courtiers living.
There is no she male dating Bordeaux that Eleanor dhe courtly love, for it was a concept that had begun to grow before Eleanor's court arose.
All that can be said is that her court at Poitiers was most likely a catalyst for the increased popularity of courtly love literature in the Western European regions. In Marchaggrieved at his lack of power and egged on she male dating Bordeaux Henry's enemies, his son by the same name, the younger Henry, launched the Revolt of —